Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp

Apocynum cannabinum

Apocynum cannabinum
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Apocynum cannabinum Greene.
Common name: Indian hemp
Group: dicot
Family: Apocynaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 2 - 6''
Foliage: small elliptical leaves, app 2-4" long, opposite; milky juice
Flower: small, erect white
Flowering time: bloom early June to late August; fruits September and October
Habitat: thivkets, borders of woods, stream banks, open areas
Range in New Jersey: statewide but variety pubescens is confined ito the Pine barrens
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. The fiber has historically been used for making fishing nets, strings, ropes, and cordage. Some Native American women used it as  "itatamat", which entailed tying knots on hemp lines to mark important events, such as death, births, etc. It was then rolled into a ball.
For more interesting facts on A. cannabinum, see the USDA plant guide