Morella pensylvanica
NORthern bayberry

Morella pensylvanica
Morella pensylvanica
Photos courtesy Renee Brecht
Botanical name: Morella pensylvanica
Common name: northern bayberry
Synonomy: Cerothamnus caroliniensis
Myrica caroliniensis
Myrica heterophylla
Group: dicot
Family: Myricaceae
Growth type: tree; shrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 10'
Foliage: leaves dull above
Flower: very small, greenish-white
Flowering time: bloom early May to June; fruits early July to late August, persisting to winter
Habitat: low dry to wet sterile or sandy ground of swamps, dunes, shaded woods edges
Range in New Jersey: statewide; most abundant on the coastal strip
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. waxy, gray berries have a very strong, aromatic scent.
The underside of the leaf has yellow resin glands which can be seen with a hand lens.
Used by early European settlers for a source of wax to make candles.