Rhus copallinum
winged sumac

Rhus copallinum
Rhus copallinum
Photo Courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Rhus copallinum
Common name: winged sumac
Group: dicot
Family: Anacardiaceae
Growth type: tree
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: up to 25', rarely over 10'
Foliage: alternate, pinnately compound, 7 to 15 leaflets per leaf; margins entire with prominent wings between the leaflets on the rachis
Flower/fruit: monoecious; greenish yellow; fruit is dark red, round drupe with stick red hairs
Habitat: well-drained, dry sandy ground of old field edges, woodlands
Range in New Jersey: statewide, only rarely in the pine barrens
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. Leaves and bark used to tan leather; fruit used to make a lemonade-like drink.
Ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite, wild turkey and about 300 species of songbirds eat the fruit). It is also the winter diet of ruffed grouse and sharp tailed grouse.  Cottonatails eat the bark, and white tailed deer eat the fruit and stems. (USDA)