Sparganium americanum

Sparganium americanum
Sparganium americanum
Photo Courtesy USDA
Botanical name: Sparganium americanum
Common name: bur-reed
Group: monocot
Family: Sparganiaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: to 2'
Foliage: long, linear, grass like leaves, 2 ranked; flowers are spherical, burrlike about 1" in diameter; achenes are beaked
Flower: blooms late June to July; fruits mid July to late September
Flowering time: shallow water, muddy shores of swamps, ponds, streams
Habitat: statewide, most abundant in the Pine Barrens
Range in New Jersey: statewide, most abundant in the Pine Barrens
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc.: a sedge
Stone, in 1910, says "While often erect...this form is often found floating in the more rapid Pine Barren streams, the leaves being considerably elongated..."(159)
Monoecious, wind polinated. Seeds are eaten by waterfowl, and other birds muskrats will eat the entire plant.